Future smart factories

We hear this term Industry 4.0 more and more and we wonder what defines it. The first thought might be that it is an advanced version of something we are not sure of yet. Be it the new version of a software? Wait a minute, there's something about the industry here, but that means there should be at least three previous versions. But where are they and what are the other three versions?
We have learned that the industrial revolutions so far have been three in number, namely:
- In 1784 - the industrial revolution based on mechanized production equipment that was driven by water or steam {1.0}
- In 1870 - industrial revolution based on mass production facilitated by division of labor and use of electricity {2.0}
- In 1969 - the industrial revolution based on the use of electronics and IT techniques to automate as much production as possible {3.0}
And I understand that these revolutions are actually the earlier versions of Industry 4.0, and this last name is nothing more than a synthesis, as far as possible, of what is already going on as the fourth industrial revolution based on the use of systems Cyber - physical.

Industry 4.0 is made by providing all real-time information by connecting all the instances involved in the added value chain. Represents the ability to drive an optimal flow of added value at any time. By connecting people, resources, and systems, dynamic, self-organizing relationships, optimized value-added connections are created within the company, using optimization criteria such as costs, availability, and resource utilization.
Industry 4.0 assumes:
- Digitizing and integrating the added value chains both vertically and horizontally
- Digitizing products and services offered
- Introducing innovative digital business models
All three of these are connectivity and collaboration features as well as data and systematic computerized analysis of these as basic capability.
From various sources, the idea is that, for over 20 years, workers will be replaced by robots. We hear this at news when and when, making reference to various groups of researchers who predict this. All these news let us, however, without much concrete clarification, to calm us about the role that will come back over the two decades. What people will do then?
The good news is that, despite this digitization and large-scale automation, smart factories will still need workers. But they will have new powers and will receive more help, in the sense that they will eliminate as many of the manually executed operations. And as an example, instructions for repairing the car will be made available by a digital data glass panel.
So let's get it right and look at this Industry 4.0 revolution with good eyes. But what we should all do is to bend more attention to what it has to offer because we want it or not. And it would be good to get ready to integrate the demands of this industrial revolution, which is not at all like the smart phone models, but it will lead us to smart factories.

Iulia STANCIU - Best Smart Consulting trainer

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